Section 1: Constructivism in Elementary School Education

Concept to Classroom - how do constructivist teaching practices translate to classroom practices

Section 2: Constructivism in Secondary School Education

Knowledge Building in the Secondary Classroom
This site gives multiple strategies on all aspects of a constructivist secondary classroom: Planning Methods, Pre-Assessment Techniques, Connections to Prior Knowledge, Exhibiting Work, Evaluation Strategies, and Reflection Opportunities.

Section 3: Constructivism in Higher Education Settings - College, University

MET program
The MET program at UBC is unique in how it develops online learning for students. The following research paper outlines some of the ways that constructivist learning theory is utilized in online learning in this particular setting.

Gaskell, J., & Miller, J. (October, 2006). Constructivist Approaches to Developing Diverse Communities of Learners Online: Examples from the MET program. Paper presented at The Fourth Pan-Commonwealth Forum on Open Learning (PCF4). Available at

Assessment of Learning in Higher Education
David Jonassen talks about challenges and insights relating to applications of consrtuctivism to assessment in higher education settings.

Systems and Conversation
Pask and Laurillard outline a system of learning strategies depending on whether the learner is a 'serialist' or a 'holist'. It looks at the student/teacher interactions through a conversational approach to teaching.