Atherton J S (2011) Learning and Teaching; Conversational learning theory; Pask and Laurillard [On-line: UK] retrieved 29 September 2011 from

Brooks, J. G., & Brooks, M. G. (1999). In search of understanding: a case for constructivist classrooms. Alexandria, VA: Association for Curriculum Supervision & Development.

Cooper, S. David Ausubel: Meaningful Verbal Learning and Subsumption Theory. In Theories of Learning in Educational Psychology. Retrieved from

Driscoll. M.P. (2005). Psychology of Learning for Instruction (pp. 384-407; Ch. 11– Constructivism). Toronto, ON: Pearson.

Gaskell, J., & Miller, J. (October, 2006). Constructivist Approaches to Developing Diverse Communities of Learners Online: Examples from the MET program. Paper presented at The Fourth Pan-Commonwealth Forum on Open Learning (PCF4), , , , . Available at

Jonassen, David. (1998) In C.M Reigeluth (Ed.), Instructional theories and models, 2nd Ed. Designing Constructivist Learning Environments. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence, Erlbaum.

Miller, P.H. (2002). Theories of Developmental Psychology, 4thEd. (pp.227-244); Ch. 7 - Interactional Theories of Cognitive Development). Toronto, ON: Pearson.

Resources and Links

The Practice Implications of Constructivism:
Constructivism and the 5 Es:
Teaching for Understanding: Educating Students' Performance:
Constructivism as a Theory:
Constructing Knowledge in the Classroom:
Create a Photomontage of Constuctivism e.g.
Criticisms of Constructivism:
General Pro/Con List of Constructivism:
Case Based Learning:

Sites Completed by Previous Cohorts from ETEC 512

Links for Images Used on this Site

LEGO blocks used for HOME image - people - bus stop - karate kick - picasso style man - organized - stacked bricks - kit - team - band - city - construction - smiles - lego sign -